Electronic trade and transport documents and data

31 March 2022

The digitalization of the supply chain is the dominant trend in international trade and transport at present and the main tool for facilitating trade procedures. Due to the essence of the supply chain as a process of interaction between many parties within many jurisdictions, ensuring interoperability plays a key role both in the supply chain and in the digitalization processes. In this regard, the development, maintenance and adoption of standards at the international level play an extremely important role. This explains the continued focus on standardization in trade and transport facilitation by UN institutions: notably, the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT).

The project was carried out in cooperation with the UNECE and UN/CEFACT as part of the response to the COVID-19 crisis. The work itself is a logical continuation of the initiatives reflected in the recommendations of the UNECE Odessa workshops in 2019 and 2020 and was aimed at developing digital multimodal transport corridors in order to harmonize and standardize data exchange in international transport, trade and logistics.

15 April 2022

In the context of the recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic and the general direction of building back better this project aims to develop and practically test paperless data and document exchange in the cross-border transport of specific goods between the Eurasian Economic Union and the European Union.

Focusing on a specific pilot case of multimodal delivery of goods author of this study conducted research and offered practical recommendations how to align used by different participants in the supply chain in their IT systems to the UN/CEFACT standards and Multimodal Transport Reference Data Model, allowing for a seamless exchange of electronic data and documents (B2B exchange), as well as developing electronic B2G documents for submission to regulatory authorities.

 

Main results of the study:
1. Based on a specific example of exports/imports of specific goods, demonstrated the opportunities and benefits of using the UN/CEFACT Multimodal Transport Reference Data Model (MMT RDM).
2. Explored what electronic documents and data exchange systems are used in multimodal transport by participants in the supply chain, based on a particular product. Examined on what data model the existing electronic document systems are built.  

16 March 2022

This project was undertaken in the context of implementing the UN Development Account project in response to the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic to connectivity, trade, and transport, as well as to support the development of digital multimodal transport corridors with a view to increasing the harmonization and standardization of data exchange in multimodal international transport, trade, and logistics to encourage electronic data exchange and thereby to reduce person-to-person contacts during and after the COVID-19 crisis in the post-pandemic recovery.

It aims to develop and test electronic document equivalents for the e-CMR: XML schemas and JSON API specifications aligned to the UN/CEFACT Reference Data Model and other standards, the e-CMR Protocol to the CMR Convention, and the Eurasian Economic Commission Data Model, to be used in the Belarus-Ukraine and Eurasian Economic Union multimodal corridors. Another important element of the project consisted in exploring the use of specific instruments (trusted third party, blockchain or other) ensuring acceptability of electronic equivalents of documents accompanying goods (e-CMR and other documents).

Annexes.rar

26 - 27 January 2022
Conference
On-line

This workshop is in line with the drive of the Western Balkans towards European integration; UNECE’s mandate to support integration in broader Europe; the need to use global standards for interoperability in supply chains; the implementation of the World Bank’s project in support of Customs modernization and Single Window implementation in the Western Balkans; and the work of the European Commission’s DG TAXUD and DG MOVE and the CEFTA Secretariat on digitalization of information flows and establishing Single Window systems.

Western Balkans countries on the way towards accelerating digital channels of trade through Single Window and Data Sharing

The Single Window allows parties involved in trade and transport to lodge standardized information and documents with a single-entry point to fulfill all import, export, and transit-related regulatory requirements, according to the recommendations of the UN Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT), a UNECE subsidiary body.

17 January 2022

The Air Consignment Security Declaration Standard Package was developed as part of the United Nations response to the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic under the United Nations multiagency project “Transport and Trade Connectivity in the Age of Pandemics: UN solutions for contactless, seamless and collaborative transport and trade” in cooperation with ICAO.

This electronic document equivalent Standard Package consists of the following elements:

17 January 2022

The Air Dangerous Goods Declaration Standard Package was developed as part of the United Nations response to the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic under the United Nations multiagency project “Transport and Trade Connectivity in the Age of Pandemics: UN solutions for contactless, seamless and collaborative transport and trade” in cooperation with ICAO.

This electronic document equivalent Standard Package consists of the following elements:

 

17 January 2022

The Air Way Bill Standard Package was developed as part of the United Nations response to the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic under the United Nations multiagency project “Transport and Trade Connectivity in the Age of Pandemics: UN solutions for contactless, seamless and collaborative transport and trade” in cooperation with ICAO.

This electronic document equivalent Standard Package consists of the following elements: